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February Birth Flowers: Violets and Primula

by Stefan Karatzas 25 Jan 2024

February’s birth flowers, Violets, and the February secondary birth flower, Primroses, symbolize loyalty and herald new beginnings, respectively. Each flower holds a unique story and significance that reflects the qualities of those born in this month. Continue reading to discover the detailed histories, meanings, and care tips for these delightful flowers.

Violets and Primula Key Takeaways

  • violets and primroses are the happy birthday flowers to send for February birthdays.
  • Primroses symbolize youth, love, and new beginnings and are associated with protection and safety, indicating the coming of spring and serving as poignant gifts of admiration and renewal.
  • Violets, one of February’s birth flowers, stand for modesty, faithfulness, and unswerving love, with their cultural significance spanning love, purity, and spiritual guidance.

February Birth Flower: Violet (Viola)

Violet flowers in shades of purple and white

Representing February as one of the two birth flowers, violets, with their heart-shaped leaves and striking five-petaled flowers, symbolize modesty, faithfulness, and enduring love. The violet petals embody the purity and loyalty of individuals born in this birth month, making them a perfect birth month flower.

These flowers exhibit a wide range of positive qualities, from love to spiritual guidance, across various cultures. Their vibrant purple hue is often associated with deep emotions and sentiments, making them a popular choice for expressing love and affection.

February Second Birth Flower: Primula (Primrose)

Primrose flowers in various colors

Primrose, derived from the Latin word ‘primus’ signaling its early spring appearance, stands as the second birth flower for February. These early blooming flowers, often considered among the first flowers of the season, are commonly found flourishing in elevated areas across North America, Europe, and Asia, symbolizing the arrival of spring.

Moreover, primroses symbolize youth, love, and new beginnings. They hold historical significance for protection and safety and are considered a welcome sight in the garden after a long winter, radiating warmth and love.

About the Violet & the Primula and Their Meanings

February’s birth flowers, the violet and Primrose, are laden with deep symbolic meanings. For instance, violets carry associations with modesty, faithfulness, and everlasting love. These purple flowers, with their delicate appearance, are often linked to feelings of love and affection.

Primroses, on the other hand, embody concepts such as:

  • youth
  • love
  • protection
  • safety
  • good luck
  • a midsummer night’s dream-like enchantment

When given as gifts, these flowers can express feelings of love, admiration, and renewal, adding to their charm and appeal.

Violet: A Symbol of Modesty and Faithfulness

The violet’s association with modesty and faithfulness springs from its connection to the Virgin Mary in Christianity. The title Viola odorata, meaning ‘Our Lady of Modesty,’ signifies Mary’s humble nature and devotion.

Violets have multiple symbolic meanings across different cultures, including:

  • Love
  • Faithfulness
  • Modesty
  • Humility

Their association with love is evident from their connection to Venus, the goddess of love, in Greek and Roman traditions.

The Rich History of Violets

Violets have a rich history, dating back to ancient Greece and Rome, where they were associated with funerals and death, symbolizing innocence. They were frequently scattered around tombs and were also considered symbols of fertility and love, used in love potions.

Over the centuries, violets have been used as a treatment for respiratory conditions like bronchitis, and their leaves and flowers provide calming and antioxidant benefits. In Victorian England, violets were a key component of floriography, the language of flowers, representing faithfulness and modesty.

Violets Through the Ages

Violets have been revered throughout history for their beauty and medicinal properties. In ancient cultures, they were used to adorn the graves of children and babies, symbolizing grief and innocence. They were also linked to the goddess Io and were considered a favored flower in ancient Greece, symbolizing Athens and connected with Aphrodite.

In the Victorian era, violets held considerable significance. Women were well-versed in floriography and the language of flowers, and violets were used in perfumes and toiletries and even eaten in various forms, such as candied violets in cakes and pastries.

Caring for Your February Birth Flowers

Maintaining the beauty and vitality of your February birth flowers necessitates proper care. Whether you are growing them in your garden or keeping them in a vase, understanding their specific needs can help these flowers thrive and bloom beautifully.

When it comes to watering, African violets should be watered based on their hydration needs, allowing the soil to dry out between waterings but not leaving it dry for extended periods. The most suitable soil for cultivating violets includes sphagnum peat moss, coarse sand, and horticultural vermiculite and perlite. Violets also require a minimum of 8 hours of indirect sunlight daily for optimal growth.

Violet Care Tips

Providing the right care is fundamental to keeping your violets healthy and vibrant. Violets require a specific type of soil - a mixture that includes sphagnum peat moss, coarse sand, and horticultural vermiculite and perlite.

Regarding watering, it’s crucial to allow the soil to dry out between waterings but not to remain dry for extended periods. African violets also require bright to moderate, indirect, or filtered light to thrive. These simple care tips can help ensure your violets remain vibrant and beautiful.

February Birth Flower Gifts and Floral Arrangements

Floral arrangement featuring violets and primroses

The quest for the perfect gift or floral arrangement featuring February birth flowers can be an enjoyable task. Violets and primroses make beautiful additions to gifts and floral arrangements, adding a touch of charm and elegance.

Consider presenting violet-themed gifts like African Violet corsages or purple spa gift baskets to individuals born in February. Personalized items featuring lavender and violet designs also make excellent gifts. For floral arrangements, ensure the flowers are adequately hydrated by maintaining sufficient water in the vase and regularly misting the flowers.

Primrose Presents and Bouquets

Bouquet of primroses in a garden setting

Primroses also serve as beautiful and meaningful gifts. To create a Primrose bouquet, feed the stem through the top of the flower and pull it through the center, repeating this process to form the bouquet.

Unusual ways to present Primula (Primrose) as gifts include placing them in a decorative dish or integrating them into a handmade present. Some popular gift items with a primrose theme are Primrose pins, brooches, and jewelry, cross stitch pieces with Primrose designs, birth flower necklaces featuring Primrose, sterling silver earrings and pendant necklaces with Primrose designs, and even a Primrose flower PopSocket for phones and tablets.

Violet Health Advantages

Violets offer numerous health benefits apart from their beauty. Historically, violets have been utilized both externally and internally in traditional medicine, addressing a range of health issues such as:

  • Skin ailments
  • Liver function
  • Kidney function
  • Digestive function
  • Lymphatic function

Violets were frequently used in the treatment of:

  • dry or chafed skin
  • abrasions
  • insect bites
  • eczema
  • infections in the upper respiratory system

Moreover, they are rich in rutin and salicylic acid, which possess pain-relieving properties. However, it is advisable to consume violets in moderation to prevent potential adverse effects such as a laxative impact or allergic reactions.

Primrose Healing Powers

Primroses are also renowned for their healing powers. Historically, primroses were utilized in the treatment of various ailments, serving as a dietary stimulant, functioning as an antispasmodic, and acting as a vermifuge. They were also used to alleviate impotence, fatigue, PMS, and menopausal issues.

In modern times, evening primrose oil is used for its health benefits such as:

  • addressing acne
  • PMS
  • high blood pressure
  • alleviating hot flashes during menopause

These benefits are due to its beneficial fatty acids, namely Linolenic acid and Gamolenic acid.

Varieties and Colors of Violets and Primroses

Assortment of violets and primroses in different hues

Violets and primroses come in a variety of types and colors, adding diversity to gardens and bouquets. Some common types of violets include:

  • Nellie Britton
  • Moonlight
  • Aspasia
  • Buttercup
  • Blackjack
  • Vita
  • Zoe
  • Huntercombe Purple
  • Clementina

There are also additional types like alpine violet, Labrador violet, and pale dog violet, among others.

Primrose flowers exhibit a diverse range of colors, including:

  • Yellow
  • Pink
  • White
  • Blue-violet
  • Salmon
  • Lavender
  • Red
  • Rose
  • Purple
  • Cream
  • Orange
  • Blue

This wide range of options offers a delightful palette for gardeners and flower enthusiasts to appreciate.

Violet Varieties and Hues

A wide variety of types and hues are available in purple violets. From the Nellie Britton to the Huntercombe Purple, these flowers offer a spectrum of colors from classic purple or bluish hues to white and yellow.

Multicolored varieties of violets, such as African Violets, exhibit various color patterns, including:

  • Two-tone
  • Bi-color
  • Multi-color
  • Geneva
  • Dark eye
  • White-eye
  • Chimera
  • Wide edge

They can also produce tricolored blooms in distinctive colors.

Primrose Species and Shades

A variety of species and shades are also seen in Primroses. The most prevalent species of Primrose is the Common Evening Primrose. These flowers are known for their vivid, colorful blossoms and durability, often displaying fragrant flowers in pale yellow to cream tones, along with a base of crinkled leaves.

They offer a wide range of colors, including:

  • yellow
  • pink
  • white
  • blue-violet
  • salmon
  • lavender
  • red
  • rose
  • purple
  • cream
  • orange
  • blue

This presents a delightful palette of hues for any garden or floral arrangement.

In conclusion, in this in-depth guide about February’s birth flowers, we will address some common questions related to violets and primroses.

What Is February Birth Flower?

Violet and Primrose are the designated flowers associated with February for individuals born in this month. These flowers hold a unique significance and symbolism, representing a range of positive attributes like love, truth, modesty, humility, faithfulness, and more.

Can I send Violets For a February Birthday?

Absolutely! For a February birthday, violets serve as a thoughtful and meaningful gift. These flowers are historically associated with qualities such as:

  • Modesty
  • Purity
  • Love
  • Truth
  • Modesty
  • Humility
  • Faithfulness

And as the birth flower for February, they symbolize love, truth, modesty, humility, and faithfulness.

Are primroses and primulas the same?

Indeed, primroses and primulas are the same. The term ‘primrose’ is a common name, whereas ‘Primula’ is the genus to which they belong. The Primula genus encompasses over 450 species, demonstrating a significant diversity within the genus.

Can I send Primula (Primrose) For a February Birthday

Indeed! A beautiful and symbolic gesture would be to send Primula (Primrose) for a February birthday. These flowers represent youth and hope, making them a fitting present for individuals commemorating a February birthday.

Is the Primrose the birth flower for February?

Indeed, along with the violet, the Primrose is one of the two birth flowers for February. Primroses are associated with the month of February because of their historical significance, especially in Norse mythology, where they represent Freyja, the goddess of love and war.


From their rich history and symbolism to their health benefits and care tips, the violet and Primrose, February’s birth flowers, offer a wealth of value and beauty. Whether you’re looking for the perfect February birthday gift for her or want to add a touch of colorful charm to your garden, these flowers are a fantastic choice. As we’ve discovered, each flower holds a unique significance, making them not just beautiful additions to any bouquet but also meaningful symbols of love, modesty, and faithfulness.

FAQs About February Birth Flower

Why are there two birth flowers for each month?

Having two birth flowers per month allows for a wider range of choices based on personal preference, symbolism, or meaning. This tradition has evolved over time and varies across cultures, with some flowers being more available in different regions.

What are February baby flowers?

The February birth flowers are the Violet and the Primrose, celebrating the beauty and charm of February babies.

Is the iris the flower for February birthdays?

Yes, the iris is the flower associated with February birthdays. It symbolizes faith, valor, and wisdom, as well as valued friendship and hope.

What is the birth flower for Aquarius?

The birth flower for Aquarius is the orchid, symbolizing the free-spirited and eccentric nature of those born under this sign.

What do the February birth flowers symbolize?

The February birth flowers, the violet, and the Primrose symbolize modesty, faithfulness, and love, with the violet representing love, truth, and humility and the primrose symbolizing youth and hope.

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